Papers

Should exercises be painful in the management of chronic MKS pain? A SR with MA

(Smith, Hendrick, O Smith, & Al., 2017) Aims: To compare the effect of exercises where pain is allowed / encouraged compared with non-painful exercises on pain, function or disability in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain within randomised controlled trials. Method: Systematic review on exercises into pain vs non-pain exercises on pain, function or disability. 9… Continue reading Should exercises be painful in the management of chronic MKS pain? A SR with MA

Papers

Normal kinematics of the upper cervical spine during the Flexion-Rotation Test – In vivo measurements using magnetic resonance imaging

(Takasaki et al., 2011) Aims: The purpose of this study was 1) to examine measurement reliability of segmental upper cervical movements using magnetic resonance imaging and 2) to investigate the content validity of the FRT Methods: MRI study measurement on 19 healthy women. Results: FRT is a valid and reliable (substantial reliability) measure of Upper… Continue reading Normal kinematics of the upper cervical spine during the Flexion-Rotation Test – In vivo measurements using magnetic resonance imaging

Papers

Induction of nocebo and placebo effects on itch and pain by verbal suggestions

(Van Laarhoven et al., 2011) Aims: To study verbally induced nocebo and placebo effects on itch and pain. Methods: 105 healthy female subjects were randomly assigned to one of 4 groups: (Itch nocebo n=36 vs Control n=20 or Pain nocebo n=33 vs Control n=16). In itch / pain nocebo groups patients were told a verbal… Continue reading Induction of nocebo and placebo effects on itch and pain by verbal suggestions

Papers

Reliability, validity and diagnostic accuracy of palpation of the sciatic, tibial and common peroneal nerves in the exam of LB related leg pain.

(Walsh & Hall, 2009) Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the reliability, validity and diagnostic accuracy of manual palpation of the sciatic, tibial and common peroneal nerves in the examination of low-back related leg pain. Methods: 45 subjects. Palpation compared to SLR + Slump. Inclusion: presence of unilateral low-back related leg pain,… Continue reading Reliability, validity and diagnostic accuracy of palpation of the sciatic, tibial and common peroneal nerves in the exam of LB related leg pain.

Papers

Patellofemoral Pain

(Willy et al., 2019) Aims: Guidelines on PFP Methods: Review of literature & experts' consensus. Limitations: May be bias in experts’ opinion. Broad topic. Expert consensus In Practice: Diagnosis: The presence of retro-patellar or peri-patellar pain, (2) reproduction of retro-patellar or peri-patellar pain with squatting, stair climbing, prolonged sitting, or other functional activities loading the… Continue reading Patellofemoral Pain

Papers

Validity of clinical small-fiber sensory testing to detect small-fiber degeneration

(Ridehalgh, Sandy-Hindmarch, & Schmid, 2018) Aims: To examine the validity of clinical tests to assess small nerve fibers degeneration using Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CST) as a model neuropathy. Methods: Prospective cross-sectional. Presence of CTS was assessed with skin biopsies. 85 patients with CTS were evaluated with Neurotip and Quantitative sensory testing (T°). A subgroup of… Continue reading Validity of clinical small-fiber sensory testing to detect small-fiber degeneration

Papers

Movement control tests of the LBP; evaluation of the difference between P with LBP and healthy controls

(Luomajoki, Kool, de Bruin, & Airaksinen, 2008) Aims: To determine whether the number of positive tests out of six active MC tests was different in patients LBP VS healthy controls + if ≠ according to the duration of LBP. Methods: Case control study, Non blinded, 108 P and 102 controls, consecutive Germans, LBP (excluded radiculopathy),… Continue reading Movement control tests of the LBP; evaluation of the difference between P with LBP and healthy controls

Papers

Creep and hysteresis / preconditioning : Load displacement time characteristics of the spine under PA mob

(Lee & Evans, 1992) Aims: Among others, to evaluate the effects of cyclic and sustained PA loadings, and on loading rate on PA mobility. Method: N = 28, 18 – 23 yo, 50/50 male/female. Assessed mobility of L3-L5 (max 150N), three cyclic loadings on L4 (150N) and sustained loading on L4 (100N in two min).… Continue reading Creep and hysteresis / preconditioning : Load displacement time characteristics of the spine under PA mob